There are 150 breeds eligible for AKC
registration. Every breed is assigned to one of seven groups or Miscellaneous Class, based on the uses for which the breeds were originally developed.
A breed is a "relatively
homogeneous group of animals within a species, developed and maintained by man." All dogs, impure as well as pure-bred, and
several wild cousins such as wolves and foxes, are one family. Each breed was created by man, using selective breeding to
get desired qualities. The result is an almost unbelievable diversity of purebred dogs which will, when bred to others of
their breed, produce their own kind. Through the ages, man designed dogs that could hunt, guard, or herd according to his
needs. Admission of a new breed to AKC's Stud Book is determined by the Board of Directors. Today, new breeds admitted for
registry must have been well established in other countries for a significant period of time by registry organizations in
A variety is a division of a breed for show purposes, based on
coat type, size or color. Members of different varieties of the same breed may be interbred and the offspring registered with
AKC. Varieties are not indicated on registration certificates.
- Cocker Spaniels: Black (including black with tan points), ASCOB (Any solid color other than black), Parti-Color.
- Beagles: Not exceeding 13 inches, Over 13 inches but not exceeding 15 inches.
- Dachshunds: Longhaired, Smooth, Wirehaired.
- Collies: Rough, Smooth.
- Bull Terriers: Colored, White.
- Manchester Terriers: Standard (Shown in the Terrier Group), Toy (Shown in the Toy Group).
- Chihuahuas: Long coat, Smooth coat.
- English Toy Spaniels: Blenheim and Prince Charles, King Charles and Ruby.
- Poodles: Toy (Shown in the Toy Group), Miniature and Standard (Shown in the Non-Sporting Group).
The official standards of all the breeds AKC recognizes are compiled in its official publication, The Complete Dog Book. A breed standard is a word description of what the ideal dog of that breed looks like. It is an attempt to describe
"perfection." The standard is the "model" breeders use in their efforts to breed better dogs. Judges use the standard as a
guide when evaluating dogs at a show. Each animal in competition is compared with the judge's mental image of the perfect
dog described in the standard.